Lutein & Zeaxanthin

References

  1. (2001). "A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and zinc for age- related macular degeneration and vision loss: AREDS report no. 8." Arch Ophthalmol 119(10): 1417-36.
  2. Seddon, J. M., et al. (1994). "Dietary carotenoids, vitamins A, C and E, and advanced age-related macular degeneration. Eye Disease Case Control Study Group.” JAMA 272(18): 1413-20.
  3. Christen, W.G., S. Liu, et al . (2008). “Dietary carotenoids, vitamins C and E, and risk of cataract in women: a prospective study.” Archives of Ophthalmology 126(1): 102-9.
  4. Stahl and Sies (2005) “Bioactivity and protective effects of natural carotenoids.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1740:101-107.
  5. Richer, S., W. Stiles, et al. (2004). "Double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial)." Optometry 75(4): 216-30.
  6. Stringham, J. M. and B. Hammond (2008). "Macular Pigment and Visual Performance Under Glare Conditions." Optometry & Vision Science 85(2): 82-88.
  7. Chew, E. (2007). “Age-related eye disease study 2 protocol.” National Eye Institute Protocol 07-EI-0025.
  8. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20 (2007). Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page, http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp
  9. (1993). "Antioxidant status and neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Eye Disease Case-Control Study Group." Arch Ophthalmol 111(1): 104-9.
  10. Lyle, B. J., J. A. Mares-Perlman, et al. (1999). "Antioxidant intake and risk of incident age-related nuclear cataracts in the Beaver Dam Eye Study." Am J Epidemiol 149(9): 801-9.
  11. Kvansakul, J., M. Rodriguez-Carmona, et al. (2006). “Supplementation with the carotenoids lutein or zeaxanthin improves human visual performance.” Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 26(4): 362-71.
  12. Parisi, V., M. Tedeschi, et al. (2008). “Carotenoids and antioxidants in age-related maculopathy italian study: multifocal electroretinogram modifications after 1 year.” Ophthalmology 115(2): 324-333.