Myth: Myopia develops based on how we use our eyes. Therefore, we can control whether or not we become nearsighted.
Fact: Like many conditions, myopia develops due to a combination of genes and environment.
Myth: Reading glasses or other devices such as pinhole glasses can prevent myopia.
Fact: No credible research shows that pinhole glasses prevents myopia or slows its progression. For some patients, reading glasses or bifocals can be effective, but this is not true for everyone. Through a comprehensive examination, your optometrist can identify if you are one of those people.
Myth: Wearing glasses makes your myopia worse.
Fact: Research shows that wearing glasses to provide clear distance vision does not cause more myopia. For some people, these lenses do not help their near vision. They should remove their glasses for near vision, or get a bifocal in their glasses. Your optometrist, who tests both far and near vision, will advise you if removing your glasses or adding a bifocal is appropriate for reading and other close work.
Myth: It is better to wear weaker glasses so your eyes have to work harder.
Fact: This has been proven incorrect.
Myth: Contact lenses can prevent myopia or slow its progression.
Fact: In the past, success in this area has been minimal. However, more recent research shows that contact lenses can help slow the progression of nearsightedness in some patients. This is partially explained by the difference in focus between the center of the retina and the periphery of the retina. This is new and ongoing research.