Assorted corneal findings can signal systemic disease. Many of these manifestations can bring attention to some serious, even potentially life threatening conditions.  Practitioners faced with various clinical signs affecting the cornea are forced to make an appropriate differential diagnosis and apply adequate treatment including needed referrals to sub-specialties within medicine.   A timely diagnosis can certainly minimize any corneal morbidity but even impact chances of mortality.  Corneal findings can be classified into systemic causes that include metabolic disorders, immunologic/inflammatory conditions and infectious diseases. Generally, patients with any condition related to metabolic disturbance are asymptomatic. Unlike patients with metabolic disorders, patients who have an immunologic or inflammatory cause are often symptomatic with presenting corneal signs.

Course Code:



Joseph Shovlin, O.D.



AOA Expiration Date:


Related News

Constant presence: Alliance builds reputation for patient safety advocacy

Founded five years ago, the Health Care Alliance for Patient Safety (HCAPS) is making good on its mission to advocate for patient safety and protect the fundamental doctor-patient relationship. The alliance’s advocacy will be recognized with the AOA’s Apollo Award during a ceremony at the 2023 Optometry’s Meeting® June 21-24.

What defines the value of care we provide?

Health and vision plans have not adapted and grown with the care we deliver but hold back optometry’s momentum.

How to speak the universal language of care

How to create a bilingual and culturally sensitive practice, why it matters to patients and how it can set you apart from the competition.