Non-specific eye pain with reading and computer use has increased dramatically since the onset of the pandemic and transition to remote learning and working from home. The most common etiology an optometrist will evaluate for is dry eye/ocular surface disease and oculomotor disorders like convergence insufficiency as the etiology of the patient's complaints. However, many of these patients have normal ocular health and binocular vision evaluations, and actually have an underlying neck problem. This course will review the pathophysiology of referred eye pain due to cervicogenic musculoskeletal/neuropathic etiology. It will provide primary care optometrists with the comprehensive knowledge of a cervicogenic evaluation from an orthopedic physical therapist, as well as screening examination techniques that can be implemented in the optometric exam room. It will also discuss ergonomic treatment recommendations and describe how different refractive prescriptions may exacerbate cervicogenic disorders using a case-based learning style.

Course Code:



Jacqueline Theis, O.D.

Sara Etheredge, DPT



AOA Expiration Date:


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