This course will explain what paraneoplastic syndromes are and how they affect the eye.  We will examine four specific ocular manifestations; two that involve the retina and one each that involve the choroid and optic nerve.  Case examples will be provided to help the practicing optometrist recognize these conditions along with practical guidelines on what to do next.

Course Code:



James Rogala, O.D.



AOA Expiration Date:


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