- Accommodative Dysfunction
- Anterior Uveitis
- Color Vision Deficiency
- Computer Vision Syndrome
- Convergence Insufficiency
- Corneal Abrasion
- Diabetic Retinopathy
- Dry Eye
- Eye Coordination
- Floaters & Spots
- Macular Degeneration
- Migraine with Aura
- Ocular Allergies
- Ocular Hypertension
- Retinal Detachment
- Retinitis Pigmentosa
- Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
- Vision-Related Learning Problems
An ocular migraine can mimic other serious conditions, so it is very important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible if experiencing these symptoms.
Causes & risk factors
Ocular migraines are typically caused by reduced blood flow or spasms of blood vessels in the retina or behind the eye. Risk factors include:
- Similar causes and risk factors for migraines.
- More common in women than men.
- Most common from age 30-39.
- Family history of migraine.
- A blind spot in the central area of vision which can start small and get larger.
- It usually lasts less than 60 minutes.
- Usually presents in one eye.
- It can also affect the peripheral (side) vision.
- A comprehensive eye exam with dilation.
- Thorough case history, including details about prior headaches.
- Neurologic testing and/or additional blood work or imaging may be necessary to rule out other, more serious, causes.
- Migraine treatment. Based on the doctor’s recommendations.
- May include the following:
- Mild: over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen.
- More severe: prescription medications to help with the migraines or also symptoms that accompany migraines such as nausea.
- Same as prevention for migraines.
- Avoid migraine triggers.
- Common triggers include stress, hormonal changes, bright/flashing lights, drinking alcohol (red wine), changes in the weather, skipping meals/not eating enough, or too much or too little sleep.
- Keep a headache journal including information about what you were doing, eating, or medications taken before or after a headache occurs.
Acanthamoeba is one of the most common organisms in the environment. Although it rarely causes infection, when it does occur, it can threaten your vision.
Accommodative dysfunction is an eye-focusing problem resulting in blurred vision—up close and/or far away— frequently found in children or adults who have extended near-work demand.
Amblyopia—also known as lazy eye—is the loss or lack of development of clear vision in one or both eyes.