Ocular Injury

The purpose of this module is to:

  • Discuss sports-related eye injury demographics.
  • Become familiar with the most common types of sports-related eye injuries.
  • Discuss triage & treatment of injuries.


  • Prevalence
  • Demographics
  • Legal Considerations

Injury Prevention:

  • Protective Eyewear
  • Functionally Monocular Athletes

Identification and Management:

  • Eyelid/brow laceration
  • Periorbital Ecchymosis ("Black Eye")
  • Blow-out Fracture
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
  • Corneal Abrasion
  • Corneal Foreign Body
  • Traumatic Iritis
  • Hyphema
  • Dislocated lens
  • Traumatic Retinal Detachment


  • Ocular Emergency Kit
  • Triage Card
  • Online Resources

Downloadable 'Preventing, Identifying and Treating Sports-Related Ocular Trauma' PDF


  • How many sports-related eye injuries occur in the U.S.?
  • What percentage lead to permanent visual impairment?
  • What are the most effective ways to protect the eye?
  • What sports should monocular athletes avoid?
  • What are the most common eye injuries?
  • Which common eye injuries are doctors of optometry equipped and trained to handle? Which eye injuries require immediate referral?